At over 11,000 feet elevation, Cuzco is surrounded by the Andes Mountains. Cuzco is South America's oldest continuously inhabited city. This ancient city was once the capital of the Inca empire with huge stone walls, narrow stepped streets, and a colonial atmosphere.
Cuzco's Plaza de Armas is surrounded by colonial arcades, and two cathedrals face each other across the square. Since Cuzco is a major tourist stop, there are plenty of activities for all interests. In addition to touring Inca ruins, churches, museums, and colonial buildings, visitors can go hiking, trekking, river rafting, kayaking, mountain biking, bird watching, or even skiing.
The Plaza San Blas and the streets leading to it from the Plaza de Armas are the best places to shop in Cuzco for handcrafts made mby local artisans. You can also watch the artisans at work in the Plaza San Blas area.