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A BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE HOLLAND ENVIRONMENTAL TYPOLOGY

Attribute

Realistic

Investigative

Artistic

Social

Enterprising

Conventional

Requires

Manual and mechanical competencies interaction with tools, machines and objects

Analytical, technical, scientific, and verbal competencies

Innovation or creative ability, emotionally expressive interaction with others

Interpersonal competencies, skill in mentoring, treating healing or teaching
others

Skills in persuasion and manipulation of others

Clerical skills, skills in meeting precise standards for performance

Demands and rewards the display of

Conforming behavior, practical accomplishment

Skepticism and persistence in problem solving, documentation of new knowledge, understanding or solution of problems

Imagination in literary, artistic or musical accomplishment

Empathy, humanitarianism, sociability, friendliness

Initiative in the pursuit of financial or material accomplishment;
dominance; self confidence

Organizational ability, conformity, dependability

Values or personal styles allowed expression

Practical, productive and concrete values; robust, risky adventurous styles

Acquisition of knowledge through scholarship or investigation

Unconventional ideas or manners, aesthetic values

Concern for the welfare of others

Acquisitive or power-oriented styles

Conventional outlook and concern for orderliness and routines

Occupations or other environments involve

Concrete, practical activity; use of machines, tools, materials

Analytical or intellectual activity aimed at trouble-shooting or creation and use of knowledge

Creative work in music, writing, performance, sculpture or unstructured intellectual endeavors

Working with others in a helpful or facilitating way

Selling, leading, manipulating others to attain personal or organizational goals

Working with things, numbers, or machines to meet predictable organizational demands or specified standards

Sample occupations

Carpenter, truck operator

Psychologist, microbiologist

Musician, interior design

Counselor, clergy member

Lawyer, retail store manager

Production editor, bookkeeper